Monitoring and assessment is a system of organization, collection and usage of information aimed at assistance to decision makers in improvement of planning, development, implementation and assessment of measures required in the context of the epidemics and taken in response.

For M&A it is essential not only to understand the HIV-epidemics dynamics, but also to realize the adequacy and efficiency of the counteractions to the epidemics and to use the obtained information for strengthening and improvement of the response to the epidemics.

The example of M&A of the prevention programs for MARA:
http://www.unicef.org/ukraine/ukr/Book_JKS__PROM_Web.pdf
http://www.unicef.org/ukraine/Case_Study_ukr_FINAL_block.pdf