ANOPRIENKO ELENA VASIL'EVNA
PANFILOVA OLGA MYKOLAIVNA
PANFILOVA YANA
NAIDA EVGENIY EVGENIEVICH
STROYEVA NATALIA NIKOLAEVNA

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Do You know that there are already 61 clinics of this type in our country? These clinics are established specially for teenagers and young people in order to help them solve their problems. And the range of problems and issues is rather wide: health preservation, relationships with peers, consequences of ...
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F.A.Q.

The HIV antibodies can be detected only by the special test. Other tests cannot identify HIV. It is possible to take a free HVI-test in the nearest Center on HIV Prevention and Control, and if you are under 14 in the youth friendly clinic (YFC) (The addresses of these centers can be found on our web-site).
The risk of getting infected with HIV when you have tattoos or piercing made or your ears pierced is extremely low. However, if the procedure is carried out with non-sterile instruments the risk of other infections is very high. You have to follow the hygiene rules in order to avoid the risk of being infected, especially in public places. You should use the services of certified tattoo-saloons and hospitals with good reputation.
AIDS develops for 5-15 years starting with the moment when a person has been infected with HIV. An infected person may feel well, look healthy and not suspect of the fact that they have been infected until the HIV infection transforms into the ADIS stage. Only a doctor can diagnose HIV on the basis of a particular blood test.
Everybody must be tested in the following cases:

  • if you have not used a condom at all types of sexual intercourse (oral, vaginal, anal);
  • if a condom has slipped off or has been torn;
  • if you have had blood transfusion;
  • if you have injected drugs with a shared syringe or drugs, made with shared tools.
The virus is not stable in outer environment and dies within seconds if exposed to the air. HIV is not transmitted through air. It can be transmitted only via body fluids (blood, semen, vaginal secretion, breast milk).
HIV infection — is an infectious disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus from the group of retroviruses. It affects the immune system and has its transmission mechanisms and stages. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is the last stage of HIV characterized by the development of multiple opportunistic diseases due to the decrease of the depressed immune function.
HIV antibodies, which provide “positive” reaction, appear in 2-6 months after a person has been infected. From this time on and up to death the person has both antibodies and positive reaction. So, the positive reaction does not provide a possibility to define the amount of time, necessary for the development of AIDS.
HIV-positive people can get help in Oblast and City Centers on HIV Prevention and Control. The list of these Centers is available on our web-site.
A situation, when there is the HIV virus in an organism but the test shows the negative result, may happen in two cases:

  • When the test has been taken too early and an organism has not had time to generate enough antibodies to be detected;
  • at the AIDS stage, when an organism does not have protecting immune cells CD4+ any more.

On the whole, the sensitivity of contemporary tests, especially when the testing procedure takes place in a laboratory, almost eliminates the possibility of getting false results. Moreover, the testing rules presuppose repeating tests, which must be carried out twice – 3 and 6 months after the risk. This helps to avoid mistakes.

Modern tests give 99% truthful result in a period of 3 months after the moment, when a person has been infected. But 1% of people may generate antibodies slower than average. That is why it is recommended to take a second test six months after the risky situation, when a person might have been infected.
There are three typical ways of HIV transmission:

    • sexual (through unprotected sex contact),
    • parenteral (via blood, in particular, via blood transfusion, via the usage of “dirty” syringes, which contain the remnants of blood),
    • vertical (from mother to child, prenatal – during pregnancy,
    • intranatal – during labor and delivery,
    • postnatal – during the period of breastfeeding through breast milk).
When the immunodeficiency virus gets into a person’s blood, it takes an organism some time (2-3 months, in some cases up to 6 months) to generate antibodies, which can be detected by the agents during the blood test. This requisite period of time is called “the window period”. During this time the blood test may be negative (not show the presence of antibodies to HIV). So, it may seem that a person is absolutely healthy.